Cai chet cua chu D

Thứ sáu, 16 Tháng bảy 2010, 14:16 GMT+7

Joe nhan thay he thong danh van cua tieng Viet that tuyet voi, nhung lo lang truoc su “xam lan” cua cac tu tieng Anh dang bi mot so nguoi nghi “the moi oai”. Mot so chia se rieng cua Joe de giu gin su trong sang cua tieng Viet rat dang duoc luu y. 

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Neu chu D bi bo cac ban co thay buon khong?

 

Co ai roi nuoc mat neu chu D tro thanh chu D, mat dau “-“ nho o giua?

 

Truoc het, he thong danh van cua tieng Viet kha tuyet voi. Nghe thi biet viet. Doc thi biet noi. Chinh ta va phat am la mot. Vi du, toi bia ra mot tu tieng Viet moi – “puoc pin” chang han. “Chi ay da puoc pin toi!” toi noi voi cac ban. Mac du lan dau tien nghe nhung cac ban se biet cach viet tu do, di ve gui tin nhan cho moi nguoi doc – “Anh Dau bi puoc pin roi do hahaha!”

 

He thong danh van cua Tieng Anh khong tuyet voi chut nao. Neu co mot nguoi bia ra mot tu moi nhu vay, roi noi voi toi, rat co the toi se khong biet cach viet. Vi du: Joe, you are such a “gabow!” Muon nhan tin cho moi nguoi,toi se phai ve nha len mang kiem tra xem tu do viet nhu the nao (va nghia la gi?). Gabow? Gobow? Gaboe? Gabowe? Gabough?

 

Tieng Anh co bang chu cai thu hai la Phien Am Tieng Anh Quoc Te. Nhung nguoi dang hoc tieng Anh chac rat quen voi cac chu “nua Nga nua Ai Cap” nhu θ, ʈ ɖ ɘ æ... Le ra bang chu cai thu hai nay la bang chu cai thu nhat. Phat am va chinh la mot, giong he thong tieng Viet. Neu chi co bang phien am (ma khong co bang ‘loi thoi’ kia) nguoi Viet dang hoc tieng Anh khong can hoc thuoc cach danh van cua hang nghin tu dai. Ho chi can hoc vai “luat choi” de am ra mieng thanh chu tren trang.

 

Co nhieu nha ngon ngu hoc o cac nuoc noi tieng Anh muon sua lai he thong danh van dang dung, bo het cac truong hop viet ra mot am theo nhieu kieu khac nhau (kieu muon tu tieng Duc, tu tieng Phap, tu tieng Ha Lan, tu tieng gi-gi-do cua nuoc dau-dau-day) Mot vo, mot chong; mot cach noi, mot cach viet. Theo da so nha ngon ngu hoc do, thay vi cac chu “Ai Cap/Nga” kia nen dung chu “abc binh thuong”, nhung dung cach thong minh hon. Vi du, am “o” trong tieng Anh co nhieu kieu viet khac nhau - nen chon duy nhat mot kieu va dong cua lai.

 

Go = Go

Joe = Jo

Show = Sho

Though = Tho

 

Van de la tieng Anh da viet nhu the roi. Thay doi ca cach danh van cua mot ngon ngu kho vo cung - bao nhieu la sach phai in lai, bao nhieu la nguoi se keu am i. Bat luc.

 

Nguoi Viet Nam dang giu trong tay chinh he thong ma cac nha ngon ngu hoc phuong Tay ay dang voi toi. Mot he thong danh van thong minh, gon gang, lien quan truc tiep den cach phat am (do chinh xac gan 90%). The ma cac ban dang nhap truc tiep rat nhieu tu tieng Anh (cach viet von da linh tinh), khong sua lai theo he thong tieng Viet, in truc tiep tren cac tren tap chi, to bao, cuon sach…

 

Moi khi thay mot chu D bi thay bang mot chu D toi cam thay la. “Chung ta da xem lai data cua cong ty.” Sao khong viet “data”? Phat am la da-ta, khong phai da-ta. Da la da, da la da, hai am rieng.

 

Chuyen D/D la cach mo man. Phan bieu dien con dai.
 
�SCai chet� cua chu �SD�

 

“Tuyen Anh luyen da penalty”. Sau khong viet “penanty”? Toi biet cach Viet hoa nay nhin hoi buon cuoi, co le hoi “que que”, nhung tai sao khong chiu xau ho nho de bao ve he thong lon tuyet voi? (Chua noi den chuyen tac gia khong viet “da phat den”)

 

Toi nghi viec Viet hoa tu muon khong khac gi viec doi mu bao hiem - neu ai cung lam thi khong ai cam thay xau ho. Mot tac gia viet “data” se cam thay ngai vi doc gia quen voi cach viet “data” roi (sanh dieu ma). Nhung ban than cach viet “data” khong co gi la dang ngai ca.

 

Neu tu truoc den gio nguoi Viet chi viet “film” (theo cach tieng Anh), roi hom nay tren bao co mot tac gia bong viet “phim” thi cac ban se thay buon cuoi. “Phim” ha? Troi oi, que qua, la qua, buon cuoi the nhi! Nhung cac ban da quen voi cach viet “phim” tu lau roi nen khong thay buon cuoi nua - vi truoc day co mot nguoi dung cam quyet dinh viet lai tu do cho phu hop voi ngon ngu tieng Viet. (Luu y: Cac tu muon cua tieng Phap ngay xua duoc Viet hoa tot hon cac tu muon cua tieng Anh ngay nay)

 

Doc den day chac cac ban hieu viec toi dang phe phan khong phai la muon tu cua tieng Anh ma la muon truc tiep, khong sua lai cach viet cho phu hop voi tieng Viet. Theo toi, nen sua lai tat ca cac tu muon cua tieng Anh nao cho phu hop voi tieng Viet, ngoai cac danh tu rieng nhu ten nguoi, to chuc hay dia diem (Beckham, Unicef, Paraguay…).

 

Buon cho “Cha”!

 

Toi lo ve tuong lai he thong danh van cua tieng Viet. Cha Dac Lo (Alexandre De Rhodes) va nhung nguoi Viet Nam phat trien he thong danh van chu La-tinh cung (va sau) ong ay da lam tot. Toi nghi ho se rat buon khi biet chu D cua ho dang dan dan bien thanh chu D, chu E dang dan dan bien thanh chu E…va mot he thong tuyet voi dang bi thieu cham soc.

 

Toi biet mot so cac ban se noi:“Yen tam! Do chi la nhung tu tieng Anh ghep vao cau tieng Viet. Tai sao khong giu lai cach viet tieng Anh; de nhin hon chu! Se khong anh huong den cac tu khac trong cau dau, da xem data se khong thanh da xem data!”

 

Co le mot chu D trong mot tu tieng Anh (trong mot cau tieng Viet) se khong anh huong den cac tu khac. Tuy nhien chu D ay se anh huong den he thong. Truoc day tieng Viet co mot he thong danh van cong bang – khong co tu nao, chu nao, hon cai he thong do. Con bay gio co mot so tu “hon”.

 

Noi cach khac nhung tu muon truc tiep tu tieng Anh (khong viet lai cho phu hop) giong nhung nguoi nuoc ngoai di duong khong doi mu bao hiem - vi nghi cong an se khong bat.

 

Hay nhin cau nay: “Gap turbulence nen may bay da ha canh muon 20 phut.” Tu turbulence phat am nhu the nao? Ban co biet khong? Cach phat am cua ban co giong cach phat am cua nguoi ngoi ben canh khong? Theo he thong tieng Viet cu, chinh tu do phai cho ban biet cach phat am chinh xac (qua cach danh van). The moi la he thong tuyet voi!

 

Nhung theo he thong bat binh dang moi thi tu turbulence co the venh mat len. Cac tu ben tay phai, ben tay trai phai cho ban biet cach phat am. “Ho” la tu cua Viet Nam nen ho phai theo luat cua Viet Nam. “Nhung toi cha can,” tu turbulence dang noi. “Toi la tu nuoc ngoai. Anh muon phat am ha? Anh cu doan ma xem.”

 

Khong tot! Chi co nhung tu nhu Beckham, Unicef, Paraguay vua ke tren co “quyen duoc mien ngoai giao”, la khong bat duoc. “Turbulence” la dan thuong - bat thoai mai. (Turbulence nghia la thoi tiet xau khien may bay lac len lac xuong.)

 

Con quan diem“…da xem data se khong thanh da xem data”?

 

Toi chua chac. Biet dau cac tu muon dan dan se anh huong den cac tu “ban dia” thi sao? Trong tieng Viet, lop tu Han-Viet chiem mot ty trong rat lon, nhat la o phong cach nghi luan, khoang 60-70%.  (GS Nguyen Tai Can). Biet dau nam 2999 tu “Anh Viet” chiem 70% thi sao? Thi nguy hiem! Tu Han Viet khong the lam hong he thong danh van cua tieng Viet. Tu “Anh Viet” thi co the co.

 

Tu Han khi sang tieng Viet phai viet lai tu dau (vi la tu tuong hinh). Khi viet lai duong nhien phai theo luat cua he thong tieng Viet. Nhung tu tieng Anh co cach viet di kem. Co the viet lai cho phu hop voi he thong tieng Viet, hoac co the khong - the nao cung co tu de ban. Xu huong la khong viet lai, “cu de nguyen cho xong”. Neu tiep nhu the, dan dan he thong danh van cua tieng Viet se bi mat, tham chi bi thay bang he thong lon xon cua tieng Anh.

 

Do la van de chung cua cac ngon ngu dung chu La-tinh: tieng Viet, tieng Indonesia, tieng Somali (hoac So-ma-li), v.v. Cac ngon ngu dung chu rieng khong bi anh huong; Tieng Trung, tieng Nhat, tieng Han, v.v., khi nhap tu tieng Anh phai bo cach danh van tieng Anh ngay.

 

Uy ban bao ve

 

Nguoi tri tue nen la nguoi tien phong. Ho nen thong nhat mot he thong ma trong do cac tu muon cua tieng Anh co cach Viet hoa chinh thuc va phu hop. Van de la voi mot so nguoi tu cho la tri tue Viet Nam, noi tu muon cua tieng Anh voi phat am cung muon tu tieng Anh tro thanh cach khoe khoang trinh do cua minh.

 

Thay vi chinh sua hoac bo di, ho lai nhan manh cac chu “s” o cuoi tu tieng Anh, cac chu “th” o dau…den muc cach phat am cua ho nghe giong con meo tuc gian hon nguoi Anh. “Tao biet, may chua biet”, la dieu cac con meo tuc gian ay muon nhan manh.

 

Vay chung ta nen nho ai?

 

Co khi Viet Nam nen thanh lap mot Uy ban bao ve ngon ngu theo cach L'Academie française ben Phap. (Tieng Phap cung dang bi de doa tu nhieu phia.) Khi co mot tu tieng Anh xuat hien nhieu trong tieng Viet (sorry, toilet) cac chuyen gia thuoc Uy ban se thong nhat mot cach viet cho phu hop voi tieng Viet (so-ri, toi let). Cach viet ay Uy ban se thong bao la chinh thuc, duoc cho len mang, in trong cac tu dien va bien quang cao.

 

Trong truong hop Uy Ban khong chap nhan dung tu muon tu tieng Anh thi cac chuyen gia se chon mot tu tieng Viet dung de thay the (turbulence = soc khi). Cac tap chi, to bao va trang dien tu lon se phai hoat dong theo quy dinh cua Uy ban, khong thi bi phat tien.

 

Them dau vao

 

Them mot viec quan trong Uy ban nen thuc hien. Do la them thanh dieu vao tu muon. Tieng Trung khi muon tu cua tieng Anh hay them them dau vao. Ronaldo thanh Ro-na-do (vi du vay). Tieng Viet thi khong. Tieng Viet hay de khong dau. Ba-ha-sa, In-do-ne-si-a, v.v. Nghe rat “la la la” va cung hoi buon ngu. Toi dung thuoc pan-a-don loai hai do-la mua o Cam-pu-chi-a gan cua hang no-ki-a o cho duong Van-po-si giap duong Ue-ru-ni…

 

“Tho Nhi Ky” la cach cua tieng Trung. “Tho-nhi-ky” la cach cua tieng Viet (Tho Nhi Ky la tu muon cua tieng Han muon cua tieng Tay nen co dau). Neu doc bao la cai cua Viet Nam cac ban se thay ten cua cac sao Trung Quoc len xuong binh thuong, nhung ten cua cac sao Tay rat “la la la” Xem tran bong da cung vay, “Chan Ma-co Su-le cua Slo-ven-i-a da cham vao dau ben-gia-min ba-li-ma cua Bo-kin-a-pha-so..”, thinh thoang co mot dau sac o cuoi (I-ba-him-o-vic).

 

Toi nghi tieng Trung them dau vao tu muon la hop ly (mac du toi chua hieu cach them vao cua ho la nhu the nao). Tu muon nao cung phai xem co nen them dau vao hay khong. Ten con nguoi, thanh pho, dat nuoc, v.v. khong nhat thiet phai luon viet theo cach “Viet hoa”, nhung voi nhung con nguoi va dia diem noi tieng nen co cach Viet hoa chinh thuc voi phat am chuan co dau (co the tra tren trang dien tu chinh thuc). Uy ban de xuat nay se giup nguoi Viet Nam thuc hien viec do.

 

Dieu quan trong la Uy ban phai co quyen phat tien. Chinh toi hay mac nhung ‘sai lam’ vua mieu ta tren. (Truoc khi cong an phat tien toi cung hay khong doi mu bao hiem.) Khong co cach quan ly nao hieu qua bang viec phat tien.

 

Nguoi ngoi viet nhat ky o quan ca phe dung chu gi cung duoc. Nhung nguoi phu trach cac to bao va nha xuat ban lon nen song trong so hai. Ho nen luon so bi phat tien, va khi vi pham cac quy dinh ngon ngu tren ho nen bi phat tien that.

 

Nhu the moi bao ve duoc mot he thong tuyet voi.

Joe

Vietbao (Theo: Dan Tri)


 

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